Types of Violence & Abuses

Types of Violence

The United Nations defines violence against women as “any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual, or mental harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life.”

Violence & Abuse can come in many different forms. Domestic Violence includes abuse that is physical, sexual, emotional, economic, psychological, dating-related, focused on children and the elderly, and stalking. Learn more about the different forms below:

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Physical Violence.

is when a person hurts or tries to hurt a partner by hitting, kicking, or using another type of physical force.as well as using any other type of physical force against her. May include property damage.

Financial Abuse

It consists of achieving or attempting to achieve financial dependence on another person, maintaining total control over their financial resources, preventing them from accessing them and prohibiting them from working or attending school.

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International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination2

Psychological Violence.

It consists of causing fear through intimidation; in threatening to cause physical harm to a person, their partner or their daughters or sons, or to destroy their pets and property; in subjecting a person to psychological abuse or in forcing them to isolate themselves from friends, family, school or work.

Sexual Violence

any action that impacts a person’s ability to control their sexual
activity or the circumstances in which sexual activity occurs, including rape,
coercion or restricting access to birth control.

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Digital violence

Online or digital violence against women is any act of violence committed, assisted or aggravated by the use of information and communications technology (mobile phones, the Internet, social media, video games, text messages, emails, etc. .) against a woman for being one.

Online violence can include:

  • Cyber ​​bullying: It consists of sending intimidating or threatening messages.
  • Sexting or sexting: Sending messages or photos with explicit content without the authorization of the recipient.
  • Doxing: Publication of private or identifying information about the victim.
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International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination3

Emotional Violence

It consists, for example, in undermining a person’s self-esteem through constant criticism, undervaluing their abilities, insulting them or subjecting them to other types of verbal abuse; in damaging the relationship of a couple with their daughters or sons; or not allowing the couple to see their family or friends.